How the COVID-19 Impacting Global Economy

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While it is impossible to predict the exact economic impact of the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic, analysts believe that it will have significant negative consequences on the global economy. According to early projections, most major economies were expected to lose at least 2.9 percent of their GDP by 2020 if the virus became a worldwide pandemic. This prediction was previously been revised to a 4.5 percent drop in GDP. To put this figure in consideration, global GDP in 2019 was predicted to be approximately 87.55 trillion US dollars. This indicates that a 4.5 percent reduction in economic growth results in about $3.94 trillion in lost output.

Global Stock Market Repercussions

The COVID-19 outbreak has also caused significant drops in global stock markets; however, these losses have been swiftly recovered. On March 16, 2020, the Dow Jones announced its largest-ever single-day loss of over 3,000 points, breaking its previous record of 2,300 points.

In 2020, global commerce is expected to have declined by 5.3 percent, but it is likely to go up by 8.0 percent in 2021. According to consensus estimates, the economic slump in 2020 will be less severe than previously anticipated, thanks to the fiscal and monetary measures implemented by governments in 2020. Economic growth in most nations dipped dramatically in the second quarter of 2020, swiftly rebounded in the third quarter, and has been relatively positive thereafter.

Affected Industries

The economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is primarily due to a drop in demand, which means that fewer people are interested in purchasing the products and services that are available in the global economy. This dynamic is particularly seen in businesses that are highly impacted, such as travel and tourism. Countries have imposed travel restrictions to curb the spread of the virus, and many individuals have been unable to book flights for vacations or business trips. Airlines lost anticipated income due to the drop in customer demand, and as a result, they had to cut costs by lowering the number of flights they operated. Without government support, airlines will eventually be forced to lay off employees in order to make ends meet. A similar trend may be seen in other industries, such as the decline in demand for gasoline and new automobiles since everyday commutes, social gatherings, and vacations become less feasible. As businesses cut employment to compensate for lost income, there is concern that this may lead to a negative economic trend as these unemployed employees are unable to purchase as many goods and services as they used to be able to provide. This scenario has analysts wondering if the COVID-19 epidemic would cause a worldwide recession comparable to the Great Depression.

Government Assistance

Despite the obvious dangers facing the global economy, there are reasons to be optimistic that the worst-case situation could be averted. Governments have learned from prior crises that govt spending may mitigate the consequences of a demand-driven recession. As a result, many governments are expanding their monetary assistance to individuals and ensuring that companies have the finances they need to keep their employees employed during the epidemic. Furthermore, due to the unique character of this crisis, some industries may gain from it. E-commerce, food retail, and the healthcare business all contribute to economic development, which helps to compensate for the losses. This will allow IT solution providers to expand their market share.

Eventually, the crisis may have a defined end date when all limitations can be withdrawn - something that appears to be doable after the majority of the world's population has been vaccinated against COVID-19. It may therefore allow the global economy to recover quickly once the epidemic is finished.